Soviet leaders and their Third World policy.

Left: Joseph Stalin and Nikita Khrushchev, 1938, Unknown author. Right: Leonid Brezjnev, 9th of june 1972, Fotocolectie Anefo / Nationaal Archief

First World: Blue. Second World: Red. Third World: Green.

Early Soviet interest in Africa

Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev and Ghanaian President Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana in front of the Soviet U.N. delegation headquarters, 22nd September 1960, AP Photo.

The Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (Russian: Российский университет дружбы народов), also known as RUDN University and, until 1992, Patrice Lumumba University,16th of May 2007, A. Savin.
Celebration of March 8 International Women's Day at Patrice Lumumba People's Friendship University,  8 March 1972, Vitaliy Karpov / RIA Novosti Archive.

The Soviets in Southern Africa

Left: Soviet advisory personnel and training staff with Namibian guerrillas in Angola, late 1970s, published 1982, Author unknown. Right: Cuban PT-76 tank crew on routine security duties in Angola, 1976, CIA.

The Soviets in the Horn of Africa

Left: A statue of Lenin stands in Addis Ababa, 1983, Author unknown. Right: Damaged Somali National Army (SNA) T-34 tank undergoing repairs, March 1978, Author unknown.


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