Through my research on barriers for foreign nationals operating in the South African cultural sector, there have been four major pillars that have emerged. These are:

  1. Economic
    – Monetary aspects
  2. Social
    – Socio-cultural aspects
  3. Legal
    – Laws and regulations
  4. The art world/Gatekeeping
    – Aesthetic qualities and top-down business and gallery structures

These pillars stand as the four major themes in which barriers for foreign nationals are connected. Each box represents a challenge or obstacle that foreign nationals navigate when moving to a new country. Some of these can be overcome, whereas others are permanent hindrances.

*Canva was used to create this visualization